Tobacco Consumption

  • 30.9% of Russian adults (age 15+) use tobacco (men 50.9%; women 14.3%), nearly all of whom smoke cigarettes.1
    • 0.4% of adults use smokeless tobacco and 2.8% smoke waterpipe tobacco
  • About 17% of boys and 10% of girls (age 15) smoke in the Russian Federation. 2
    • 30% of these boys and 22% of these girl smokers report starting at age 13 or younger

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 21.9% of adults who work indoors are exposed to secondhand smoke at the workplace, 19.9% of adults are exposed in restaurants, and 10.8% on public transportation. 1
  • 89% of youth (age 13–15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 76% of youth are exposed to secondhand smoke at home. 3

Health Consequences

  • Over 310,000 Russians die each year from smoking-related causes.4
  • Nearly a quarter of all male deaths and 6% of all female deaths in the Russian Federation are smoking-related (more than 15% of deaths overall).4
  • Approximately 80% of tracheal, bronchus and lung cancer mortality, 61% of COPD mortality, and 19% of ischemic heart disease deaths are related to smoking.4

Tobacco Industry

International tobacco companies dominate the Russian Federation’s cigarette market, holding about 90 percent of the cigarette market share. In 2016, Japan Tobacco held 33.5% of the market share by volume, followed by Philip Morris International (27%), British American Tobacco (21%) and Imperial Tobacco Group (8%). More than 278 billion cigarettes were sold in the Russian Federation in 2016.5

FCTC Status

The Russian Federation ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on June 3, 2008.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of measures on smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price, download the Russian Federation Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Russian Federation Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2017.
2 Inchley J et al., eds. Growing up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people’s health and well-being. Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: International Report from the 2013/2014 Survey. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe;2016.
3 Russian Federation Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2004. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2009.
4 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2017.
5 Euromonitor International, 2017.

Last updated Sept. 22, 2017