Global Epidemic


Tobacco Consumption

  • 36.1% of Indonesian adults (age 15+) currently use tobacco (men 67.4%; women 4.5%), mostly through smoking.1
  • 20.3% of youth Among youth (ages 13-15) use tobacco (boys 36.2%; girls 4.3%).2
    • 19.4% of youth smoke, and 2.1% use smokeless tobacco.
  • Among youth who have ever smoked, 19.8% first tried a cigarette before age 10, and nearly 88.6% first tried one by age 13.2
  • The majority of smokers in Indonesia (88.4%0 percent) smoke kreteks, clove-flavored cigarettes.1

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • More than half (51.3%) of all adults who work indoors are exposed to secondhand smoke at the workplace. 85.4% are exposed at restaurants and 70% on public transportation.1
  • 60.1% of youth (ages 13-15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places, and 57.3% are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2

Health Consequences

  • Smoking kills at least 244,000 people each year in Indonesia.3
  • Smoking causes approximately 21% of adult male deaths and 8% of adult female deaths each year.3

Tobacco Industry

Indonesia is the fourth largest cigarette market in the world. Major tobacco companies in Indonesia include Philip Morris International with 35% of the total cigarette market share, Gudang Garam with 29%, Djarum with 12%, and British American Tobacco with 7%, and Nojorono Tobacco Indonesia with 6%. In 2015, over 248 billion cigarettes were sold in Indonesia.4

FCTC Status

Indonesia is the only WHO member state in Southeast Asia that has not ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. A 2009 national health law designates tobacco as an addictive substance.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of smoke-free, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price measures, download the Indonesia Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Indonesia Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). World Health Organization; 2011.
2 Indonesia Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). World Health Organization; 2014.
3 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2015.
4 Euromonitor International

Updated: September 2016