Global Epidemic

Vietnam

Consumption

  • In Vietnam, approximately one-fourth of the adult population smokes (24 percent).
  • Nearly half of men (47 percent) and 1.4 percent of women smoke.
  • Among youth (age 13-15), 3 percent currently smoke cigarettes and 1 percent use other forms of tobacco products.

Health Consequences

  • Approximately 75,000 Vietnamese die each year from smoking-related causes.
  • Among youth (13-15), 71 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 58.5 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.

Tobacco Industry

The Vietnam National Tobacco Corporation, a government owned tobacco company, holds almost half (44 percent) of the cigarette market share. International tobacco companies hold over 37 percent of the cigarette market share in Vietnam. In 2008, British American Tobacco led with 28 percent of market share, followed by Imperial Tobacco (8 percent), Philip Morris International (1.5 percent), and Japan Tobacco (0.4 percent). In Vietnam, more than 81 billion cigarettes were sold in 2008.

FCTC Status

Vietnam ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on December 17, 2004.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

Smoke-free environments: Smoking is completely banned in health and educational facilities, and on public transport and other indoor working areas. Smoking is banned in other public places, however the law allows for these areas to have designated smoking rooms.

Advertising, promotion and sponsorship: Vietnam has a nearly comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Tobacco advertising in international TV, radio, and print media is still allowed.

Warning labels: Currently, Vietnam's health warning only meets the minimum FCTC requirement. Health warnings are text-only and cover 30% of the front and back of the pack.

Tobacco taxes: Tobacco taxes in Vietnam fall below the World Bank's recommendation that tobacco taxes make up two-thirds to four-fifths of retail price. The most popular brand of cigarettes is currently taxed at 42% of retail price.

Updated: August 2013