- Almost one-third (31 percent) of the population in Turkey smoke, and rates of tobacco use are rising.
- Almost one-half of men (48 percent) and 15 percent of women smoke.
- Among youth (age 13-15), 7 percent currently smoke cigarettes and 3 percent of youth currently use tobacco products other than cigarettes.
- Nargile smoking, or waterpipe smoking — the most traditional form of smoking tobacco in Turkey — is increasing in popularity.
- More than 100,000 Turks die each year from tobacco-related diseases.
- Among youth (age 13-15), 86 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 82 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.
International tobacco companies dominate the market, holding over 92 percent of the cigarette market share in Turkey. In 2008, Philip Morris International led with 40 percent of market share, followed by British American Tobacco (35 percent), Japan Tobacco (14 percent), and Imperial Tobacco (3 percent). In Turkey, more than 107 billion cigarettes were sold in 2008.
Turkey ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on December 31, 2004.
Tobacco Control Policy Status
Smoke-free environments: Turkey is one of seven countries that implemented a comprehensive smoke-free law in 2008. Since July 2009, a ban on smoking in all cafes, cafeterias, restaurants and bars has been in place. Enforcement and public education help ensure maximum effectiveness.
Advertising, promotion and sponsorship: Turkey has a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertisement, promotion and sponsorship. A few aspects of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are heavily regulated, but not completely banned.
Warning labels: Smoked tobacco products currently have a combined picture and text warning that covers 65% of the front of the pack and a text-only warning that covers 43% of the back of the pack. Smokeless tobacco products warnings must cover 30% of the front and 40% of the back of the pack, and may also include graphic warnings or texts.
Tobacco taxes: The price of cigarettes has been steadily increasing ahead of inflation due to increases in tobacco taxes. The most popular brand of cigarettes in Turkey is currently taxed at 78% of retail price.
Updated: February 2012