Global Epidemic

Poland

Consumption

  • Approximately a third (30 percent) of the population in Poland smokes tobacco, with an estimated 37 percent of men and 24 percent of women who smoke.
  • Among youth (age 13-15), nearly 19 percent smoke cigarettes, and 7 percent use tobacco products other than cigarettes.

Health Consequences

  • Smoking kills approximately 75,000 people a year in Poland.
  • In 2000, 38 percent of male deaths occurring between the ages of 35-69 were attributed to smoking.
  • Among youth (age 13-15), 90 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 87 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.

Tobacco Industry

International tobacco companies dominate Poland’s cigarette market, holding almost 99 percent of the market share. In 2008, Philip Morris International held 38 percent of market share, followed by British American Tobacco (33 percent), Imperial Tobacco Group (23 percent) and Japan Tobacco (5 percent). In Poland, more than 63 million cigarettes were sold in 2008. Poland is a growing source of illicit cigarettes for other European Union countries.

FCTC Status

Poland ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on September 15, 2006.

Tobacco Policy Status Update

Smoke-free environments: Despite a 2007 Eurobarometer finding that most people in Poland support 100% smoke-free legislation, no comprehensive national legislation protecting all people from secondhand smoke exists. While smoking is banned in some workplaces and public places designated smoking rooms are allowed. Sub-national jurisdictions have the authority to implement laws that ban smoking in public places.

Advertising, promotion and sponsorship: Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship is banned with few exceptions.

Warning labels: Current health warnings only meet the minimum FCTC requirements. Health warnings are text-only and cover 30% of the front and 40% of the back of the pack. Efforts are underway to amend the law to require graphic health warnings.

Tobacco taxes: Poland is obligated to meet tobacco taxation standards set by the European Union. The most popular brand of cigarettes is currently taxed at 86% of retail price. Poland should continue to use increases in tobacco taxation and price to decrease tobacco consumption.

Updated: August 2013