Global Epidemic



  • One-third of Indonesians smoke (36 percent), with 67 percent of men and 4.5 percent of women smoking some form of tobacco.
  • Among youth (age 13-15), 20 percent smoke cigarettes, including 41 percent of boys and 3.5 percent of girls.
  • The majority of smokers in Indonesia (80 percent) smoke kreteks, clove-flavored cigarettes.

Health Consequences

  • Smoking kills at least 225,000 people each year in Indonesia.
  • Among youth (age 13-15), 78 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 69 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.

Tobacco Industry

Indonesia is the fifth largest tobacco market in the world. Major tobacco companies in Indonesia include Sampoerna (Philip Morris International), Gudang Garam, Djarum, and Bentoel (British American Tobacco). These top four companies dominated the Indonesian tobacco market with close to 75% of the total market share. In 2010, over 181 billion machine manufactured cigarettes were sold in Indonesia.

FCTC Status

Indonesia is the only WHO member state in Southeast Asia that has not ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. A 2009 national health law designates tobacco as an addictive substance.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

Smoke-free environments: The national health law prohibits smoking on public transport, in health care facilities, educational facilities, children's playgrounds, and religious places. In other types of public places and in workplaces, designated smoking areas shall be provided and must be located outside. However, under Indonesian law, local governments must also pass corresponding implementing legislation in order for the national health law’s smoke-free provisions to take effect. The national law does not set a deadline by which local governments must act, and some local governments have passed legislation while others have not.

Advertising, promotion and sponsorship: Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship is generally allowed in Indonesia, with a few restrictions. However, broadcast and written media advertisements may not show cigarettes, cigarette packs, or the use of cigarettes or tobacco. Tobacco advertising on TV and radio is restricted to the hours between 21:30 and 05:00 local time.

Warning labels: The current regulations require one text warning ("smoking can cause cancer, heart attacks, impotence, and disturbances to pregnancy and fetal development") on all smokeable tobacco product packages. The warning must be displayed on one principle display area, which in practice is the back of the package. Health warnings are not required on smokeless tobacco product packages.

Tobacco taxes: Tobacco is inexpensive in Indonesia, and tax rates are low compared to other countries in the region. Tobacco taxes in Indonesia fall below the World Bank’s recommendation that tobacco taxes make up two-thirds to four-fifths of retail price.

Updated: August 2013