Global Epidemic

Russian Federation


  • More than one-third (39 percent) of the population in Russia smokes.
  • An estimated 60 percent of men and 22 percent of women smoke.
  • Among youth (age 13-15), one-fourth (25 percent) smoke.
  • Russia has one of the highest male smoking rates in the world and one of the highest youth smoking rates in Eastern Europe (boys 27 percent; girls 24 percent).

Health Consequences

  • Approximately 385,000 Russians die each year from tobacco-related causes.
  • In 2002, tobacco was responsible for more than 17 percent of all deaths in Russia.
  • Russian male life expectancy dropped from 64 years of age in 1989 to 59 in 2009, in part due to increased tobacco consumption.
  • By comparison, men in Western Europe live, on average, 77 years.

Tobacco Industry

International tobacco companies dominate Russia’s cigarette market, holding over 90 percent of the cigarette market share in Russia. In 2008, Japan Tobacco held 37 percent of the market share, followed by Philip Morris International (25 percent), British American Tobacco (20 percent) and Imperial Tobacco Group (9 percent). In Russia, more than 390 billion cigarettes were sold in 2008.

FCTC Status

Russia ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on June 3, 2008.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For the latest data regarding smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price, download the Russian Federation Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet.

Updated: April 2014