Global Epidemic

Turkey

Tobacco Consumption

  • 27.1% of Turkish adults (age 15+) currently smoke tobacco.1
    • 41.5 percent of men and 13.1 percent of women smoke.
  • Among youth (age 13-15):2
    • 16.8% currently use any tobacco product (boys 20.3%; girls 12.8%)
    • 10.4% smoke cigarettes (boys 12.1%; girls 8.3%), and 10.5% use other tobacco products (boys 13.6%; girls 7.0%)

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • Nearly 16% of adults (age 15+) who worked indoors were exposed to tobacco smoke at the workplace, 13% were exposed in restaurants, and 27% in cafes.1
  • 67% of youth (age 13-15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 47% are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2

Health Consequences

  • More than 88,000 Turks die each year from smoking-related diseases.3
  • 30.5% of male deaths and over 10% of female deaths are due to tobacco smoke in Turkey.3
  • The number of lung cancer cases has increased 15-fold in the last 40 years, while the population only doubled in that time.4

Tobacco Industry

International tobacco companies dominate the market, holding 98% of the cigarette market share in Turkey. In 2015, Philip Morris International led with 44% of the market share, followed by Japan Tobacco (30%), British American Tobacco (21.5%), and Imperial Tobacco (2.5%). In Turkey, nearly 105 billion cigarettes were sold in 2015.5

FCTC Status

Turkey ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on December 31, 2004. The treaty went into effect on March 31, 2005.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of smoke-free, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price measures, download the Turkey Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Turkey Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). World Health Organization;2012.
2 Turkey Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). National, 2012.
3 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington;2015.
4 Bilir N et al. Tobacco Control in Turkey. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe; 2009. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/98446/E93038.pdf.
5 Euromonitor International

Updated: September 2016