Global Epidemic


Tobacco Consumption

  • 19.9% of the adult population (age 15+) smokes tobacco (men 39.0%; women 2.1%).1
  • 3.2% of the adult population uses smokeless tobacco (men 1.1%; women 5.2%).2
  • Among youth (age 13-15):3
    • 17.9% currently use tobacco products (boys 26.9%; girls 9.2%).
    • 11.7% smoke cigarettes (boys 20.1%; girls 3.8%).
    • 10.8% use tobacco products other than cigarettes (boys 15.3%; girls 6.5%).

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 30.5% of workers are exposed to secondhand smoke at the workplace, 46.9% of adults are exposed in restaurants, and 25.6% on public transportation.2
  • 67.6% of youth (ages 13-15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 45.7% are exposed to secondhand smoke in their homes.3

Health Consequences

  • About 70,000 people die in Thailand each year from smoking-related diseases.4
  • Nearly 19% of male deaths and 7% of female deaths are attributable to smoking.4

Tobacco Industry

The Thailand Tobacco Monopoly (TTM) dominates the tobacco market in Thailand. TTM is a state-owned enterprise and is the only domestic tobacco producer in Thailand. In 2015, TTM held 70% of the total cigarette market. Philip Morris International ranked second with a market share of 29%. In Thailand, nearly 50 billion cigarettes were sold in 2015.5

FCTC Status

Thailand ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on November 8, 2004. The treaty went into effect on February 27, 2005.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of smoke-free, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price measures, download the Thailand Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 National Statistics Office Health and Welfare Survey, 2013. Reported in World Health Organization (WHO) Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Country profile Thailand. Geneva: WHO; 2015.
2 Thailand Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). World Health Organization; 2011.
3 Thailand Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). National, 2009.
4 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2015.
5 Euromonitor International

Updated: September 2016