Global Epidemic


Tobacco Consumption

  • 5.6 percent of adults (age 15+) in Nigeria use tobacco products.1
  • Rates are much higher among men than among women: 10 percent of men and 1.1 percent of women use tobacco products.1
  • 3.9 percent of adults (age15+) smoke tobacco and 1.9 percent use smokeless tobacco.1
  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 15.4 percent use tobacco products (boys 19.2 percent and girls 11.1 percent), 3.5 percent smoke cigarettes (boys 5.6 percent and girls 1.3 percent), and 13.9 percent use smokeless tobacco (boys 16.9 percent and girls 10.7 percent).2

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 17.3 percent of adults who work indoors (2.7 million) are exposed to secondhand smoke in their workplace; 29.3 percent are exposed in restaurants, and 9.4 percent are exposed in public transportation.1
  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 39.7 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 21.7 percent are exposed at home.2

Health Consequences

  • Every year more than 17,500 Nigerians are killed by tobacco-caused diseases.3
  • Even though fewer men and women die on average in Nigeria than in other middle-income countries, still 207 men and 130 women are killed by tobacco every week.3

Tobacco Industry

The cigarette industry is essentially a near monopoly, with British American Tobacco Nigeria (BATN) dominating sales of cigarettes at about 79 percent.

FCTC Status

Nigeria ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on October 20, 2005. The treaty went into effect on January 18, 2006.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For information regarding smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, and packaging and labeling, visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Global Adults Tobacco Survey, 2012.
2 Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 2008; Subnational (Abuja).
3 Eriksen M et al The Tobacco Atlas, American Cancer Society (2015) based on Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Results by Risk Factor 1990-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2012.

Last updated: January 2016