Global Epidemic


Tobacco Consumption

  • Among adults in Ghana, 8.2 percent of men (ages 15-59) and only 0.4 percent of women (ages 15-49) smoke tobacco.1
  • Data on tobacco use among youth (ages 13-15) comes from two sources:
    • According to the 2012 Global School-Based Student Survey, 8.3 percent of youth smoke cigarettes (boys 9.2 percent; girls 7.1 percent).2
    • According to the 2009 Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 12.5 percent use tobacco products (boys 14.1 percent and girls 10.6 percent), and 10.6 percent use smokeless tobacco (boys 11.7 percent and girls 9.2 percent).3

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 32.3 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 19.1 percent are exposed at home.3

Health Consequences

  • Every year more than 3,400 Ghanaians are killed by tobacco-caused diseases.4
  • Even though fewer men and women die on average in Ghana than in other middle-income countries, still 50 men and 16 women are killed by tobacco every week.4

Tobacco Industry

British American Tobacco (BAT) was the major player with about 95 percent of the market. However, domestic production ceased in 2006 when BAT closed its factory. Most supplies now come from Nigeria.

FCTC Status

Ghana ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on November 29, 2004. The treaty went into effect on February 27, 2005.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For information regarding smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, and packaging and labeling, visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, 2008; National.
2 Global School-based Student Health Survey, 2012; National.
3 Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 2009; National.
4 Eriksen M et al The Tobacco Atlas, American Cancer Society (2015) based onGlobal Burden of Disease Study 2010 Results by Risk Factor 1990-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2012.

Last updated: January 2016