Global Epidemic


Tobacco Consumption

  • Among adults in Ethiopia, 6.5 percent of men (ages 15-59) and only 0.2 percent of women (ages 15-49) smoke cigarettes.1
  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 7.9 percent use tobacco products (boys 9.9 percent and girls 4.9 percent), 1.9 percent smoke cigarettes (boys 2.5 percent; girls 0.7 percent), and 6.6 percent use smokeless tobacco (boys 8.4 percent and girls 4.4 percent).

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 41.2 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 14.9 percent are exposed at home.2

Health Consequences

  • Every year more than 9,600 Ethiopians are killed by tobacco-caused diseases.3
  • Even though fewer men and women die on average in Ethiopia than in other low-income countries, still 131 men and 54 women are killed by tobacco every week.3

Tobacco Industry

National Tobacco Enterprise (state owned) imports foreign brands.

FCTC Status

Ethiopia ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control April 2014. The treaty went into effect on June 23, 2014.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For information regarding smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, and packaging and labeling, visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey, 2011; National.
2 Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 2003; Subnational (Addis Ababa).
3 Eriksen M et al The Tobacco Atlas, American Cancer Society (2015) based on Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Results by Risk Factor 1990-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2012.

Last updated: January 2016