Global Epidemic


Tobacco Consumption

  • 24.4 percent of adults (ages 25-64) in Egypt smoke tobacco.1
  • Rates are much higher among me than among women: 46 percent of men and 0.4 percent of women smoke tobacco.1
  • 3.3 percent of adults (age 15+) smoke shisha and 2.6 percent use smokeless tobacco.2
  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 13.6 percent use tobacco products (boys 18.1 percent; girls 8.2 percent), 4.8 percent smoke cigarettes (boys 8.3 percent; girls 0.8 percent), and 4.1 percent use smokeless tobacco (boys 2.7 percent; girls 5.4 percent).3

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 60.7 percent of adults (age 15+) who work indoors (6.5 million) are exposed to secondhand smoke at the workplace; 72.7 percent are exposed in restaurants, and 79.6 percent are exposed in public transportation.2
  • Among youth (ages 13-15), 55.2 percent are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 34.9 percent are exposed at home.3

Health Consequences

  • Every year more than 50,000 of Egyptians are killed by tobacco-caused diseases.4
  • Even though fewer men and women die on average in Egypt than in other middle-income countries, still 796 men and 163 women are killed by tobacco every week.4

Tobacco Industry

The cigarette market is dominated by the Eastern Tobacco Company (ETC), which maintains a nearly 80% market share, and is slowly transitioning from a government monopoly to a private company. Philip Morris International (PMI) and British American Tobacco (BAT) both contract with ETC to produce PMI and BAT cigarettes.

FCTC Status

Egypt ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on February 25, 2005. The treaty went into effect on May 26, 2007.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For information regarding smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, and packaging and labeling, visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Egypt Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (STEPS), 2011-12; National.
2 Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009.
3 Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 2014; National.
4 Eriksen M et al The Tobacco Atlas, American Cancer Society (2015) based on Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Results by Risk Factor 1990-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2012.

Last updated: January 2016